Human Physiology (Zoology 2124), Spring 2007

 

Instructor:  Dr. Ari Berkowitz                      Textbook: Principles of Human Physiology, 2nd ed.

                    Richards Hall 102                                        by W. J. Germann & C. L. Stanfield             

                    Tel: 325-3492                                             Benjamin Cummings, 2005

                    E-mail: ari@ou.edu                  

 

Office Hrs: W 9-11 AM & 2-4 PM              Web Site: https://learn.ou.edu

                    Th 9-11 AM                                               

                    or by appointment                     Lab Manual: Buy at Crimson & Cream Copy Center (Union)

 

Lectures:     MWF 11:30 AM-12:20 PM       Lecture Handouts: Buy at Crimson & Cream Copy Center

                    Adams Hall 150                                                        or download from D2L      

 

Labs:           Richards Hall 213                      "Clicker": Turning Technologies RF Response Card (RFC-03)

 

Course Objectives

After completing this course, you should be able to:

 

1) Describe the function(s) of each important structure in each organ system (including nervous, endocrine, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, urinary, digestive, metabolic, and reproductive systems).

 

2) Explain, in terms of cause and effect, how the components of each organ system normally work together.

 

3) Predict how each function will be altered by specific perturbations of the internal or external environment.

 

4) Explain how specific interactions between systems can a) increase the probability of survival and/or reproduction or b) cause health problems.

 

Laboratory Sessions

     The goal of laboratory sessions is to give you an understanding and appreciation of human physiology that goes beyond "book-learning," by doing hands-on experiments in teams.  Preparation for each experiment is vital.  Lab attendance is required.

     State law requires approved eye protection during certain laboratory experiments.  You will be required to sign a statement saying you accept the Department of Zoology's regulations concerning contact lenses and safety goggles.  Eating, drinking, and chewing tobacco are not allowed. You should wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after each laboratory session and before touching food, drinks, or cigarettes.

     Materials will be supplied to each team.  These materials must be returned clean and intact at the end of each laboratory period.  Breakage will be charged to the individual responsible if he/she can be identified; otherwise, the entire team to which the material was assigned will share its cost. 

 

Grading

Course component                                                               Contribution to grade

Exam #1........................................................................ 100 points   (10%)

Exam #2........................................................................ 100 points   (10%)

Exam #3......................................................................... 100 points    (10%)

Final exam (comprehensive) ................................................. 200 points    (20%)

Lecture quizzes:

      Individual (11 @5 pts. ea.; 1 dropped) .................................50 points  (5%)

      Group (11 @5 pts. ea.; 1 dropped) ......................................50 points     (5%)

Group exercises (11 @10 pts. ea.; 1 dropped) ............................ 100 points   (10%)

Laboratory data collection (13 @ 10 pts. ea.; 1 dropped)............... 120 points   (12%)

Laboratory quizzes (12 @ 10 pts. ea.; 2 dropped)........................ 100 points (10%)

Laboratory final exam (individual + group)                                   80 points   (8%)  

TOTAL........................................................................ 1000 points (100%)

 

Final course grades will be assigned objectively on the basis of total points earned:

A = 900 points or more (90% or more)

B = 800 - 899 points (80% or more, but less than 90%)

C = 700 - 799 points (70% or more, but less than 80%)

D = 600 - 699 points (60% or more, but less than 70%)

F = less than 600 points (less than 60%)

 

Course grades will not be curved; instead, all scores on an individual exam may be scaled up (i.e., the same number of points added to each student's score); the instructor alone will make this decision.

 

PLEASE NOTE

1)    Lecture quizzes will include material from previous lectures as well as material from textbook readings assigned for that day or before, which may or may not be covered during lecture.  Therefore, you are advised to do the textbook reading for each lecture before the lecture.  Each lecture quiz will be taken a) individually and b) in your small group; both sets of answers will count towards your grade.

2)    Each lab session will include an assignment of preparatory work and a laboratory quiz; the quiz will include material from the previous lab session as well as material from the preparatory reading for the current lab session; therefore, you are advised to come prepared for the day's experiments.

3)    At the semester's end, your group points (i.e., 15% of the total points) will be adjusted up or down based on your contribution to group efforts, assessed confidentially by each of the other members of your group.

 

Missed Laboratory Sessions: There will be no make-up labs.  If you know in advance that you will be unable to attend your regular laboratory session due to a religious holiday or official university event, you must make arrangements with your laboratory instructor to attend another laboratory session that week.

 

Missed Exams or Quizzes: There will be no make-up exams or quizzes.  At the semester's end, each student's lowest single individual lecture quiz score and lowest two laboratory quiz scores will be dropped; each lecture group's lowest single lecture quiz score and lowest single group exercise score will also be dropped.  For missed exams, see Exam Score Substitution Policy below.

 

Exam Score Substitution Policy: The final exam will consist of four 50-point sections: one section for each of the three earlier portions of the course (corresponding to the three midterm exams) and one section for the final portion of the course.  If your percentage correct on any one of the first three sections of the final exam is higher than your percentage correct on the corresponding midterm exam, the percentage correct on that final exam section will be substituted for the percentage correct on that midterm exam.  (If your percentage correct is higher on more than one final exam section than on the corresponding midterm exams, only the score showing the biggest improvement will be substituted.)  If you miss any single midterm exam for any reason, the corresponding section of the final exam will serve as your percentage correct on the missed midterm exam (and you will not be able to substitute a second final exam section for a second midterm exam).  If you miss a second midterm exam, you will receive a zero for that exam score.

 

Grading Errors: If you believe there was an error in a quiz or exam or a mistake in grading, you must give the instructor a written description of the apparent mistake and your reasoning within one week of receiving the grade.  The instructor will decide on the complaint and inform the student at a later time.

 

Academic Dishonesty: University regulations will be followed in the event of academic dishonesty (see http://www.ou.edu/provost/integrity/).  Filling in a quiz form for an absent student and copying or "shared writing" of lab reports are forms of cheating and will not be tolerated.

 

Withdrawal Policy: If a grade of W or I is requested, University policy will be followed.

 

Students with Disabilities: If you have a disability that may prevent you from fully demonstrating your abilities, please contact the instructor as soon as possible, to discuss accommodations necessary to ensure your full participation and to facilitate your educational opportunities.

 

Important Dates:

Last date for automatic W upon withdrawal: Feb. 23; last date for withdrawal without petition to dean: Mar. 30

Final exam: Thursday, May 10, 1:30-3:30 PM


 

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LECTURE SCHEDULE

 

WEEK

DATE

TOPIC

TEXTBOOK READING (Before class)

1

1/17

Introduction

 

 

1/19

Homeostasis and control mechanisms

Chapter 1 (especially 9-16)

 

1/22

Chemical constituents of the body

Chapter 2: 23-35

2

1/24

Chemical & cellular constituents of the body

Chapter 2: 35-59

 

1/26

How molecules bind and act: enzymes, receptors, etc.

Chapter 3: 62-78 & Chapter 5: 135-148

 

1/29

Glucose metabolism

Chapter 3: 78-97

3

1/31

Glucose metabolism

(Chapter 3: 78-97)

 

2/2

How molecules move within the body

Chapter 4

 

2/5

Resting potentials

Chapter 8: 209-222 (esp. 216-222)

4

2/7

Action potentials

Chapter 8: 223-237

 

2/9

Synapses: mechanisms

Chapter 5: 148-158 & Chapter 9: 241-250

 

2/12

Synapses: neurotransmitters & integration

Chapter 9: 250-259

5

2/14

Nervous system anatomy; autonomic nervous system

Chapter 10: 262-284 & Chapter 12: 353-365

 

2/16

EXAM #1

Homeostasis -  Synapses

 

2/19

Endocrine control

Chapter 6 (esp. 162-167)

6

2/21

Sensory systems: overview, somatosensory, vision

Chapter 11: 301-332

 

2/23

Sensory systems: hearing, vestibular, chemical

Chapter 11: 333-348

 

2/26

Reflexes/movement control & cognitive functions

Chapter 10: 284-298 & Chapter 12: 365-371

7

2/28

Muscles: mechanism of contraction

Chapter 13: 375-400 (esp. 380-385)

 

3/2

Muscles: energetics & smooth/cardiac muscles

Chapter 13: 400-407

 

3/5

Blood composition and hemostasis

Chapter 16

8

3/7

Heart function

Chapter 14: 413-438

 

3/9

Regulation of cardiac output

Chapter 14: 438-447

 

3/12

Regulation of blood flow through vessels

Chapter 15

9

3/14

Cardiovascular system during exercise & disorders

Chapter 15: 469, 488-489, 493

 

3/16

EXAM #2

N.S. Anatomy - Cardiovascular system

 

 

 

3/17-25

 

SPRING VACATION--NO CLASS!!

 

 

3/26

Immune system: overview & nonspecific system

Chapter 23: 725-733

10

3/28

Immune system: specific system

Chapter 23: 734-746

 

3/30

Immune system: tolerance, allergies, autoimmunity

Chapter 23: 736-737, 746-751

 

4/2

Respiration: mechanism of breathing

Chapter 17

11

4/4

Respiration: gas exchange

Chapter 18: 542-559 (esp. 552-559)

 

4/6

Respiration: regulation

Chapter 18: 559-573 (esp. 562-566)

 

4/9

Urinary system: anatomy and basic functions

Chapter 19 (esp. 578-597)

12

4/11

Urinary system: reabsorption / secretion mechanisms

Chapter 19: 590-597 & Chapter 20: 609-618

 

4/13

Urinary system: regulation

p. 470 & Chapter 20 (esp. 618-627, 629-632)

 

4/16

Gastrointestinal: anatomy, overview, & motility

Chapter 21: 646-659, 675-679

13

4/18

Gastrointestinal: digestion and absorption

Chapter 21: 659-668

 

4/20

EXAM #3

Immune system - Urinary system

 

4/23

Regulation of digestion

Chapter 21: 668-675

14

4/25

Regulation of metabolism and calcium

(Ch. 3,) Ch. 7 (esp. 179-194), & pp. 627-629

 

4/27

Reproduction: embryonic development, anatomy

Chapter 22: 685-695, 700-702

 

4/30

Reproduction: hormonal regulation

Chapter 22: 695-700, 702-710

15

5/2

Reproduction: pregnancy, labor, & lactation

Chapter 22: 711-720

 

5/4

Review

 

 

5/10

FINAL EXAM: 1:30-3:30 PM

COMPREHENSIVE

 

Note: This schedule is tentative and may be changed by the instructor as needed.


 

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY SCHEDULE

 

WEEK

DATES

LABORATORY

TEXTBOOK READING

1

1/16-1/19

Introduction

 

2

 

1/22- 1/26

Introduction

Lab Safety / Scientific Method

 

3

1/29 -2/2

Enzymes

Chapter 3: 63-78

4

 

2/5-2/9

Molecular Transport

p. 69 (Chemistry Review) & Chapter 4

5

 

2/12 -2/16

 

Action Potential Simulations

Chapter 8: 223-237 &

Chapter 9: 242-253

6

 

2/19- 2/23

Endocrine Physiology

Chapter 6 &

Chapter 7: 189-194 + 200-204

7

 

2/26 – 3/2

Human Senses

Chapter 11

8

 

3/5-3/9

Human Reflexes

Ch. 10: 284-287, Ch. 11: 340-343,

Ch. 12: 354, & Ch. 18: 563-566

9

 

3/12- 3/16

Muscle Physiology

Chapter 12

 

 

3/19 -3/23

SPRING BREAK

 

10

 

3/26 -3/30

Blood & Immune Function

Chapters 16 & 23

11

 

4/2-4/6

Human Cardiovascular Function

Chapters 14 and 15

12

 

4/9-4/13

Heart Function

Ch. 14, Ch. 12: 354-365, & Ch. 5: 153

13

 

4/16-4/20

Respiration

Chapters 3 & 17 + p. 184

14

 

4/23-4/27

Exercise Physiology

Chapter 24

15

 

4/30-5/4

Wrap-up / Lab Final / Comprehensive Problem Set

Bring all notes and textbook to class for problem set!